One Step Removed

Millions of people are about to enter a financial purgatory, becoming little more than modern-day slaves.

While they’ll be reported by the media as those “evicted” or “foreclosed on”, if we define a slave as someone forced to work for another by existing legal circumstances or approved cultural norms, then that’s exactly what these people should actually be called: slaves.

Too harsh?

Allow me to make my case.

Being 'One Step Removed' Is All Evil Needs

Slavery can exist when there’s a system that allows it. It’s a combination of morals (or, rather, lack thereof) and laws that allow one human to control the daily actions of another. Neither a slave’s time nor personal freedom belong to them.

I learned a long time ago that most humans, at best, have what we might call ‘shallow’ morals. There are chemical engineers who would never dump a toxin directly into a child’s cereal bowl, because that would be immoral; but they’ll casually and routinely inject toxins into groundwater tables (which may eventually end up in the local milk supply) because they have an EPA permit to do so.

If questioned, these same engineers know that there’s a chance, maybe even a very good chance, that the injected chemicals could end up somewhere unintended. But because their actions today are one step removed from the consequences of tomorrow, that’s enough to get them off of a moral hook.

In other words, their morals don’t extend past that first action – they stop right there. They are therefore ‘shallow’ morals.

‘Deeper’ morals would include a sense of responsibility for the entire lifespan of the chemicals in question.

Similarly, mortgage companies are staffed to the gills with people who could never themselves forcibly eject an elderly person and all of their possessions onto the curb outside the home they’d lived in for 50 years. It would be morally upsetting.

But they routinely submit the paperwork that causes these things to happen nonetheless.

Luckily for the mortgage company workers it’s the sheriffs deputies who actually handle the evictions. Luckily for the sheriffs involved, somebody else’s decision was responsible for the eviction. Both the sheriffs and the mortgage company employees are similarly insulated from any moral qualms because neither was directly responsible for Granny or Grampa’s plight. They’re just “following orders”.

One step removed. That’s all it takes.

The point here is that as long as people have just one degree of separation from their actions, that’s sufficient to dodge any moral qualms that may arise. What we cannot stomach to do ourselves can be more easily overlooked if someone else is performing the deed.

The Immoral Fed

The largest and most obvious one step removed ‘dodge’ in play right now is the US Federal Reserve’s evasion of moral responsibility for making the wealth gap explode wider, destroying the financial futures of tens of millions of American households.

After printing up a bubble that ruined many in the 1990’s, eventually bursting in the year 2000, the Fed set about blowing an even larger bubble. That burst in 2008. And now they are back at it again.

Every step of the way, the Fed policies resulted in the rich getting richer, the middle classes and the poor being financially eviscerated, and future generations getting hosed.

How do the Fed’s staffers sleep at night?

By delusional thinking like this:


The necessary one degree of separation for Jay “pants on fire” Powell to say such obviously flawed things is provided by “the markets”, which is where the trillions of dollars freshly printed by the FEd quickly end up.

That goosed markets then benefit the already-rich is simple to deduce. Those who own lots of stocks and bonds as well as those who operate the most intimate details of the financial machinery are rewarded instantly by higher prices. They become instantly richer. Which means they can afford to buy more ‘real’ things like land, buildings, businesses, factories, gold, fine art – you name it.

Well-connected entities like BlackRock are actually in bed with the Fed, getting richly rewarded merely for helping it spend its vast gobs of newly-created currency :

BlackRock Is Bailing Out Its ETFs with Fed Money and Taxpayers Eating Losses; It’s Also the Sole Manager for $335 Billion of Federal Employees’ Retirement Funds

June 4, 2020

Today [June 4, 2020], BlackRock has been selected in more no-bid contracts to be the sole buyer of corporate bonds and corporate bond ETFs for the Fed’s unprecedented $750 billion corporate bond buying program which will include both investment grade and junk-rated bonds. (The Fed has said it may add more investment managers to the program eventually.)

BlackRock is being allowed by the Fed to buy its own corporate bond ETFs as part of the Fed program to prop up the corporate bond market. According to a report in Institutional Investor on Monday, BlackRock, on behalf of the Fed, “bought $1.58 billion in investment-grade and high-yield ETFs from May 12 to May 19, with BlackRock’s iShares funds representing 48 percent of the $1.307 billion market value at the end of that period, ETFGI said in a May 30 report.”

No bid contracts and buying up your own products, what could possibly be wrong with that? To make matters even more egregious, the stimulus bill known as the CARES Act set aside $454 billion of taxpayers’ money to eat the losses in the bail out programs set up by the Fed. A total of $75 billion has been allocated to eat losses in the corporate bond-buying programs being managed by BlackRock. Since BlackRock is allowed to buy up its own ETFs, this means that taxpayers will be eating losses that might otherwise accrue to billionaire Larry Fink’s company and investors.


On the one hand, BlackRock is busy buying all sorts of things to stuff on the Fed’s balance sheet.

On the other hand, BlackRock has access to unlimited capital at the most favorable terms/prices in the world.

On a third hand, BlackRock is busy buying up distressed properties from recently foreclosed Americans who couldn’t manage to stretch a $1,200 stimulus check across 8 months of being out of work.

Add it all up and these recently dispossessed Americans will find themselves no longer owning a home. Instead, they’ll rent one from the no-bid contract winners like BlackRock, who were literally hand-picked by the Fed.

When there’s no money to be found to help working-class families, you can be certain there are still unlimited billions available to keep outfits like BlackRock supremely well incentivized to… uh, keep doing what they already were doing anyways: Getting obscenely rich.

Now, instead of working for themselves to pay off their own homes, these newly dispossessed Americans will still have to live somewhere. Many of them will end up renting from Wall Street entities like BlackRock.

How do I know this? Because that playbook page already exists. It’s an observed reality. It’s been done before and it will happen again.

We saw this in the aftermath of the housing crash/Great Financial Crisis:

When Wall Street Is Your Landlord

Feb 2019

[T[he government incentivized Wall Street to step in. In early 2012, it launched a pilot program that allowed private investors to easily purchase foreclosed homes by the hundreds from the government agency Fannie Mae. These new owners would then rent out the homes, creating more housing in areas heavily hit by foreclosures.

Between 2011 and 2017, some of the world’s largest private-equity groups and hedge funds, as well as other large investors, spent a combined $36 billion on more than 200,000 homes in ailing markets across the country. In one Atlanta zip code, they bought almost 90 percent of the 7,500 homes sold between January 2011 and June 2012; today, institutional investors own at least one in five single-family rentals in some parts of the metro area.

I talked with tenants from 24 households who lived or still live in homes owned by single-family rental companies. I also reviewed 21 lawsuits against three such companies in Gwinnett County, a suburb of Atlanta devastated by the housing crash. The tenants claim that, far from bringing efficiency and ease to the rental market, their corporate landlords are focusing on short-term profits in order to please shareholders, at the expense of tenant happiness and even safety. Many of the families I spoke with feel stuck in homes they don’t own, while pleading with faraway companies to complete much-needed repairs—and wondering how they once again ended up on the losing end of a Wall Street real estate gamble.


In today’s reality, the Federal Reserve is deciding, unilaterally and without any effective oversight or requiring a single vote from a single American, who should be the winners and who should be the losers.

Should we be surprised that the big institutions are the winners and ‘we the people’ the losers?

To be fair, this isn’t BlackRock’s fault, right? It’s simply how the system is currently set up. It’s just the prevailing legal and moral framework, right?

What do they say on Wall Street to point out the one step removed angle: “Don’t hate the player, hate the game”? Well, maybe that works in pro basketball. But in finance, where the players have a strong say in writing the rules, I don’t think that saying provides much air cover.

Here in August 2020 after the coronavirus (combined with a desperately poor series of managerial decisions by politicians and career health ‘authorities’) laid waste to the economy, it’s perfectly clear that much actually was learned from the 2008 crisis.

The wealthy learned that you can pretty much get away with anything you want. And so they’re at it again.

Corporations learned to hoover up the free money as fast as possible.

Speculators learned that the Fed would always cover their losses and to ‘buy the dip.’

Nowhere along the way did anybody seem to learn the importance of community, watching out for your fellow citizens, having integrity, or caring about the future. Savers and the prudent alike have been literally punished for being responsible.

Finding The Way Out

Once you see through the ‘one step removed’ lens, you’ll begin to see it everywhere.

Too many people do things that aren’t even remotely justifiable (let alone moral) once the totality of the actions are taken into account.

A corollary to this is that the measure of a person can be observed in their actions when nobody is looking.

Far more impressive than the thousands YouTube clips showing a supposed samaritan help an unfortunate soul (while a camera just happens to be recording from a perfect angle followed by a quick upload to 8 different social media channels) is the person who helps another when no one else is there to watch.

“The system” is providing the necessary legal and moral cover for BlackRock and other similarly fabulously wealthy parties to sweep in and take advantage of current circumstances to make a few billion extra bucks.

When the dust settles after the pandemic subsides, we’ll find that another large fraction of the assets of our nation – it’s houses, soil and productive enterprises – will have been transferred (again!) to the tiny minority already at the top of the wealth pyramid.

The process used will continue to be simply this: the Fed prints new currency out of thin air, hands it to Wall Street, which in turn buys up the productive assets of the country. If challenged, each party has its own ‘one step removed’ cover story ready to go.

Once upon a time, our cultural and legal principles sadly allowed the productive output of people called slaves to belong to people we called slave owners.

Today ,there’s a codified system of financial rules and a supporting legal framework that assigns the productive output of the poor and middle classes to corporate owners.

The former process was direct. The latter process has the same outcome; it’s just simply one step removed.

So how do we free ourselves from the shackles the system is trying so hard to place us in?

In Part 2: The Way Out, I share the strategies I’m implementing in my personal life/homestead/community to build wealth that can’t be easily stolen by the printing press or over-reaching authorities.

The truth is we live in an exceptionally challenging time: for our wealth, our civil liberties, and our ability to pursue happiness.

There are no guarantees except this: to do nothing is to walk willingly into the trap being set for you.

Click here to read Part 2 of this report (free executive summary, enrollment required for full access).

This is a companion discussion topic for the original entry at


I have much respect for what Chris writes and I value his sharp observations.
However, I think that he is going to have to toughen up in order to survive the hell that’s coming to the world. I wouldn’t want him to descend into a depression on account of his evident empathy with those who suffer. What would be the point?
My view is that human beings are lucky if they have survived a lifetime without severe suffering, since this has been their lot from time immemorial.
Besides, there is something of the animal in human behaviour with its excessive fornication and refusal these days to accept divine design for the nature we see all around us.
Slavery is a well-accepted condition for many human beings from the time of Abraham onwards. It’s not so much the status of being a slave as the condition of being a slave that should concern us. Chris is clearly concerned about the condition of slavery, but I reckon that the inevitability of the status of slavery needs to be accepted otherwise, for example, revolution follows with deadly consequences.

“Toughen up”?

I would rather Chris suffer with compassion than harden his heart against awareness of those who are suffering and are going to be deeply hurt by what is emerging. I would hope we all would, too - especially if we want to appeal to a Divine presence in life’s design. There is no god I know of who advises toughening up as a way to cope with the suffering of others.
Consider Christ. He sorrowed, He was not depressed. He was moved by deep feeling for the sorry state of our human condition, and the perverse persistence with which we pursue, collectively, our worse nature. We each do well when we are moved by the same impulse.
Yes, we are limited. True, we will not be able to heal every hurt or save every life. Acknowledging that, sorrowing for it, for our own lack of resources and ability, and for the perverse nature resident in all of us and manifest in some who have been gifted with power they don’t know how to use well, does not equate to depression. It equates to compassion. And we who have had the opportunity or (in my case) plain dumb luck to end up with some land to steward and enough ongoing resources to equip it are called by compassion and this late hour to do so responsibly, even while understanding we are not going to be able to save the world.
Harnessed compassion yields creative energy. Certainly no one of us can help everyone; our entire PP community will not stop all the hurt or meet the coming need. But we can each prepare to help our family, our neighbors, and the occasional stranger on the road, and that matters. The better we prepare within the means and resources we have, the more we can help when we are called to stand on that line and uphold common humanity and decency. But there is no time left to waste.
I realize as I read today’s news that as much as I have felt the compulsion to prepare for it, I have secretly hoped, even prayed, that these days would never come and I would look foolish in hindsight. It is the heartache I feel as I watch the unfolding of the future that many of us here have been anticipating that continues to propel me, now more urgently.
Best of all, I know this community is made up of many like-minded people. We are motivated by a keen grasp of the suffering now descending, and a matching desire to meet it with compassion and clear-headed action. I find that inspiring, and hope to rise to our collective, dispersed, linked, mutually-reinforcing, and goal-oriented challenge.
For “what good is it if someone says he has faith, but doesn’t have corresponding works? If a brother or sister is naked and destitute of daily food, and one of you says to them, ‘Depart in peace, be warmed and filled,’ but does not give them the things which are needed for the body, what’s the good of his faith? Thus, also, faith by itself, if it does not manifest in works, is dead” (James 2:14).

Thank you so much VTGothic for your take on the issue of the broken open heart.
My own life is full of pain right now and that pain is opening up an old (childhood) habit of mind where I use fury and hardening to protect myself when frightened.
That strategy has frightened those that I love and damaged relationships.
I am walking early each morning (I’m a formal dog walker), praying, fasting and seeking Guidance. Especially, I pray for a softening of the fury that I have used to protect my heart in the past. This strategy has failed me terribly.
Robert Blye, the poet-philosopher, talks about Bob Dylans transformation after the death of his son. After a period of grief and withdrawal, he re-emerged as an artist that communicated deep passion. This depth of emotion became accessible in his conscious life with this plunge into the depth of his soul, forced by pain.

PVF, slavery takes on many forms. In one way or another we may all be slaves to something or someone. At one time in our nation, involuntary servitude (slavery) was was acceptable. Thank God that has changed. Today our government and to a greater extent, one political party promotes voluntary servitude (slavery). I give you free food, free healthcare, free or low cost housing, utility assistance, and free phones. You don’t need to work or try to improve your life. Stay in your place, give me your vote. Fortunately many are starting to see they don’t want to be owned by the government. If one must be a slave, how much better to be a slave to helping family and others. My buddy Paul talks about being a slave to a higher calling.
VT your post is very compelling and expresses well the need for us all to become more involved in building better lives for ourselves, our families, and others. Gold is good, spiritual health and wealth is mo betta :slight_smile: Much of Peak Prosperity is about preparing, it’s good that we can help each other to be more fully prepared.

In my world, its the bankers, rich and corporations that are being given most of the free govt money and using it to consume the small holdings of the poor and middle class at now pennies on the dollar. To then moralize about the poor needing free food or healthcare is crazy to me. I guess there is no end to the pull yourself up by your own bootstraps narrative in our country.
Socialism for the rich and brutal self sufficiency for everyone else. Seems like its working out great so far …

There are chemical engineers who would never dump a toxin directly into a child’s cereal bowl, because that would be immoral; but they’ll casually and routinely inject toxins into groundwater tables (which may eventually end up in the local milk supply) because they have an EPA permit to do so.
I believe humans are the only species that consumes the milk of another species. I also believe that we are the only species that consumes milk (dairy) after infancy. The dairy industry sustains a lot of jobs. My entire career was in food manufacturing. A large portion of the foods we produced were meat and dairy based. At the time, I was unaware of the link between animal protein and cancer. I was, to an extent, aware of the adverse effects of consuming dietary cholesterol, but I was consuming it, so it didn’t occur to me to feel guilty for producing it for others to consume. I wonder how many of the mortgage company workers Chris mentions are debt fee. We all seem to be really good at ignoring uncomfortable facts. “People prefer to believe what they prefer to be true.” - Sir Francis Bacon

Consider Christ. He sorrowed, He was not depressed. He was moved by deep feeling for the sorry state of our human condition, and the perverse persistence with which we pursue, collectively, our worse nature.
Christ sorrowed over Jerusalem, which symbolises the people living there. He said that there had been many times when he had wanted to protect them like a hen shelters her chicks under her wings - but they refused him.
So, what did he predict for Jerusalem in the future for rejecting him? Nothing humanitarian, as you seem to want, but rather destruction for those living within the city together with their children.
Jesus cared for those, whom his Father gave to him to redeem on the cross. He did not care the rest of mankind. For example, he specifically taught the people in such a way that they would NOT understand what he said and to prevent them being converted to him. That is why he taught in parables and only explained their meaning to a few disciples who had faith in him as opposed to some sort of belief.
Following Christ’s non-humanitarian example towards those destined for Hades which he and his father designed for those without faith in him, I am not a humanist nor a humanitarian. I am a divinist, caring about the honour and glory of Jesus Christ.
So, what is going to happen to most people in the world is like what happened to most people outside God’s Chosen People in Old Testament times. They suffered a constant litany of hunger, starvation, mourning and death, but Israel was fed and watered by miracle throughout their 40 years in the desert.
“what good is it if someone says he has faith, but doesn’t have corresponding works? If a brother or sister is naked and destitute of daily food, and one of you says to them, ‘Depart in peace, be warmed and filled,’ but does not give them the things which are needed for the body, what’s the good of his faith? Thus, also, faith by itself, if it does not manifest in works, is dead” (James 2:14).
This quote depends entirely on who is my brother or sister. My understanding is that it is the fellow Child of God who is my brother or my sister, the person who by faith keeps to the Teaching, the Truth and the Words of Jesus Christ.
Therefore, the person who is not born from Above and whose being is not from God is NOT my brother or sister, and I have no responsibility for them arising from this paragraph in James.

I believe there is a policy on this site to refrain from discussing religion.
Clearly in the US most are supposedly Christians so the occasional reference to scripture is to be expected. I would hope that people here would refrain from proselytizing their own religious views and interpretations of what may have been said 2,000 years ago.
I have posted at various times what some might consider a religious comment in regards to the particular age we find ourselves in. I do so from a philosophical point of view to offer a different lens with which to view the world, not to claim some sort of moral high ground. I have zero religious affiliation.
This thread is about the “system” and how it oppresses those not connected and richly benefits those with the midas touch of being able to turn dross to gold, and benefiting their friends. I would hope we would confine the discussion to the subject at hand and while offering our personal insights present some data.

prepare, pay off debts, be ready to help friends and family in times of need. Support your local community by joining your volunteer ambulance or fire company. Have compassion but be ready to fight tooth and nail to protect your family from what is to come. The default setting on people is NOT good. Its not bad either. Its just survival. I know I cannot change the world. However, I can improve my small piece of it.

On the California wildfire thread Grover posted this:

During my third year, my opinion of fighting fires changed completely from where it had been 3 years earlier. Fire is part of nature to keep forests and its wildlife healthy. Suppressing the fires at all costs just promotes conditions that make an inevitable fire all that more devastating. Nature always bats last. Forest managers are wising up and physically reducing dense brush in strategic corridors to help keep the fires from raging out of control. This comes at enormous costs and is needed simply because of overzealous firefighting actions for the last century +. At some point, our resources will dwindle enough to make heroic firefighting efforts too expensive. Then what?
Couldn't help but think about the parallels between fighting fires and saving our monetary system. If we continue to save the current system, more and more 'brush' builds up and when the big one hits, the final cleansing fire will be devastating. Reality will bat last.

My apologies if I misunderstand what you are saying. I am not “moralizing” about the poor needing free food. One can be poor economically and rich spiritually. My grandfather many years ago told me that “we make our own beds and we have to sleep in them.” Poor life decisions and choices often end up making ones life more difficult.
Those who are fortunate to have had parents, grandparents, or other mentor that emphasized education, work ethics, self sufficiency, personal responsibility, and spiritual values are usually far “ahead” in life. I have great empathy for those struggling to get by. I worked for many years helping to assure individuals and families had good medical care. We all have a role in helping others, especially family.
We as parents or grandparents have a responsibility to nurture, teach, love, and give guidance to our children and grandchildren. When this fails or ceases to happen generations of families and society as a whole is negatively affected. Ultimately unless or until there is a spiritual revival in our country we will go down the same path of delusion and defeat, with “hollyweird” and the “media” as major contributors.

I agree with you that this sight should not be used for “proselytizing their own religious views”. However and with respect, whether a person is christian, muslim, atheist, buddhist, etc, ultimately impacts that person’s worldview, and informs how they interpret events and their responses to it . As GK Chesterton once observed: “Politics and Religion are the only 2 things worth talking about”.
What we’re discussing as you say is the system: “how it oppresses those not connected and richly benefits those with the midas touch of being able to turn dross to gold, and benefiting their friends.”
There is no real dispute that it was the rise of christianity in the west that taught that men are brothers and that each human had equal dignity to any other. Before Christ, labor was not valued and men were born slaves and exploited to do the work for the powerful. Islam teaches as well the brotherhood of man.
We are rapidly devolving into the system you rightly observe is corrupt and oppressive to many - precisely b/c we have lost the “christian ethic” as a society. Where are the secular humanists now?

PVF, slavery takes on many forms. In one way or another we may all be slaves to something or someone. At one time in our nation, involuntary servitude (slavery) was was acceptable.
As unemployment becomes permanent for many, the misery it brings will have some people wishing for occupation. Occupation as a slave, if the slave owner is a good person, might be better than the depression of uselessness.
Abraham, who was the genetic father of those with faith in Christ and of Jews, had slaves. They were employed by him but without weekly wages, which were given in the form of food. Better to be a slave than to starve!
His most senior servant was a slave because there was no Pay As You Earn system in existence in those far off days. This slave was totally loyal and trustworthy to Abraham, who commissioned him to bring back a wife from his relatives in Haran for his miracle son, Isaac. This slave did this superbly and constantly honoured Abraham’s God whilst persuading Rebecca to come back home with him.
What a wonderful picture of slavery in a world devoid of economics! I think slavery will increase with so many idle hands around, so that there ought to be a government minister for the protection of slaves in each country.

I am not here to debate religion. Whether a religion shapes my world view is irrelevant to the conversation. I would appreciate it if you and others would refrain from promoting “Christian Values” Having studied world religion for over 60 years I would posit that most here would be unable to enter in a rational discussion of religion.
If your particular religion gives you comfort i am happy for you just as I am happy for Hladini that she derives comfort from Hinduism? Vedanta. That is entirely beside the point. The point is that we are discussing the system here. We are not discussing religion.
Again thanks .

I have now posted 2x about religion. You are new here so you may not be aware this is an agnostic site. We do not discuss or promote religion here. Out of respect for Chris and Adam I would think you would respect their wishes and refrain from you religious proselytizing. The internet is a very big place I am sure you can find a place where you can preach. This ain it.

I think you are off base and using an incorrect term when you use “slavery” as the current system. While an argument could be made that debt is a form of slavery, the term has most often been used in regards to physical subjugation with no or very little freedom.
Of course it is a charged term and elicits some typical and atypical responses.
I have found a more accurate and less charged term to be serf. Classically slaves were physically subjugated and had no freedom of movement. They could not benefit from the fruits of their labor. These and other limitations do not apply to Amerikaans.
Serfdom is more accurate in the sense of bondage but bondage to the land. Serfs did receive some , though not much, of the fruits of their labors. Serfdom was obviously a major part of Feudalism. Feudalism gave way to mercantilism. Feudalism was too cumbersome to survive. The elites of the time needed the services of serfs w/o the accompanying responsibility.
Thus the rise of a monetary system in which the granting of a certain amount of freedom (actually an illusion for most) yet receiving the benefits of another’s labor with very little responsibility. It is a far more elegant system, and much less cumbersome than slavery or Feudalism.
So modern day serfs are not tied to the land, they are tied to the monetary system a la debt. The serfs are happy because they can vote, assemble, (sort of), worship the deity of their choosing, even own a weapon.
Michael Hudson has written about this system extensively. What he has pointed out is the development of a Global Neo Feudalist system.
“Neo-feudalism is an economy in which most families have to pay all of their disposable income to the people who possess property and credit. A feudal economy is based on rent and debt service. In medieval times it was run by the landlord class. But today, bankers and bondholders have gained ascendency. Even landlords and monopolists are indebted to the economy’s financial managers. For wage earners, the result is debt peonage: Whatever they earn, they owe to “the company store.”
None of this is by happenstance. The landlord has been a part of history for millenia. The names change, the faces change but the system is still run by an aristocracy.
I have no idea what will be discussed in pt. 2 as i am not a subscriber but 11 years ago thanks to a White Paper written by satoshi Nakamoto a new democratic monetary system was envisioned. Since then it has been populated by speculators who have displaced the early adopters who were anarcho/capitalists. With the development of DEFI that early vision just might regain some traction. I certainly hope so for all our sakes. It is quite disappointing that this development has gone largely unnoticed and unexplored here. To keep participating in a system which is bent on keeping you a serf is a form of insanity. You cannot change the system from inside anymore than you can change politics by voting.

Both your points are well taken. If one chooses to work for payment in kind or if one chooses to be a “slave” to a higher power go for it. Without doubt I am of the Christian Faith. One has never been able to “push” faith on another. It comes only from personal acceptance. The primary point I’ve tried to make is that people should at least read the New Testament before condemning others for their faith.