Setting Realistic Homesteading Goals

Given our intense focus on COVID and its economic repercussions over the past crazy year, we want to make sure we also give sufficient attention in 2021 to the many other topics important to building greater resilience into our lives.

So we'll be adding the voices of other specialists and experts in the future weeks/months as we're able (along with Chris and Adam's regular contributions, of course), guided by the audience's feedback.

Today we hear from Samantha Biggers, who has written regularly over the past decade for a number of homesteading websites.

Many people dream about homesteading on some level.

While having a larger parcel of land is often part of that dream, it's not essential. You can accomplish many homesteading projects while living in the city or the suburbs.

Setting realistic goals for homesteading will make your experience more enjoyable and allow you to get good at the skills you're gaining. Just remember to pace yourself.

Taking on a lot at once doesn't allow for enough time to get good and knowledgeable at any one skill. When you take on too much at once, you are more likely to make mistakes too.

My husband and I started our own homesteading journey in 2008 while in our mid-20s. It was tough. We didn't have much money. But we did have a piece of overgrown land.

Over the past 14 years, we've managed to build a house with no mortgage and get our land producing some crops. The active and fulfilling lifestyle we've had to adopt along the way has made us significantly healthier and happier than most other folks we know. The freedom and independence we've gained homesteading has been wonderful.

In the beginning, I worked for a financial planning firm in Alaska, thanks to an internet connection. But the recession ended that job, so I started writing for online resilience sites.

So, homesteading actually brought me to a full-time job that I thoroughly enjoy.

Our lifestyle also allows my husband and me to help out my father, a disabled Vietnam Veteran.

On top of all that, we're currently expecting our first child. If I hadn't started homesteading, we wouldn't have the peace of mind that having a small but paid for home brings a new family starting out. And since I work from home, childcare shouldn't be an overwhelming expense.

So, I'm a big fan of the benefits of homesteading. Though I don't mean to suggest it's easy.

There were a number of times we felt like giving up. But we kept on. Homesteading on any level is a worthwhile effort. Even a few small homesteading projects will be good for you and your family.

The point of this article is to help you think about your homesteading goals and set realistic ones that will boost your odds of happiness and success. Anyone can be a successful homesteader. The trick is picking the right projects given your resources and abilities and allowing yourself time to learn.

Getting Started

The Myth of Total Self Sufficiency

It is easy to fall for the notion that people in generations past often produced everything they needed.

The truth is that while many came close, there were still items that they needed to get via cash or trade.

They achieved this by specialization. They produced an excess of one or more items to get the cash or barter power to get other items-- such as tea, coffee, sugar, salt, tools, and cloth.

But there are key goods that cash/barter are essential to procure. Virtually no one can produce gasoline, diesel, and kerosene on their homestead.

So start with the understanding that you're not going to be a "lone wolf". You're going to need to interact with and depend on others, to some degree.


You can do a lot of homesteading activities on an acre or less if you plan well. While you may not be able to make your entire living off of a parcel of that size, you can take a bite out of your grocery bill and make your place look nicer.

If you plan on buying a larger property, you need to be careful before putting down your hard-earned cash. Land can be really pretty but not great for certain homesteading activities.

My husband and I were lucky enough to be given just under 11 acres of land in the mountains of NC. My grandfather worked himself to death, but as a result, his children had something to give to their kids. It was and remains an amazing blessing to us.

Our piece of the family land is mostly steep pastures and woods. The wooded half is lightly grazed, but it's not as good as a lush pasture, so you can keep far less livestock per acre. Yet the woodlot does provide us with firewood to heat our home, and we grow gourmet Shiitake, Oyster, and Nameko mushrooms in the understory on logs.

It would be ill-suited for any other purpose besides building some vacation cabins. Even if we cleared the woods, it would not be suitable for extensive gardening and row crops.

(Here's me standing in one of the hollers where we have several hundred mushroom logs.)

Other parts of our property are suitable for gardening and grapes. Some of our sloping pastures have extensive plantings of cold-hardy grapes and blueberries. And the valley where we lived in our camper and the yards around our home include larger gardens. During the pandemic, my husband planted larger garden plots and established more kitchen garden beds near our home.

What I've learned from experience is that when looking for land to buy, don't be misled by the number of acres. A 40-acre parcel in some areas may only have 10 acres or less of land suitable for your homesteading goals.

Generally speaking, flatter and more usable land will cost more, especially in mountainous areas.

Crops & Livestock

Two of the most significant factors to consider when deciding what you can produce on a property are average temperatures and rainfall.

Temperature and precipitation can vary a lot, even within a region. You may have dreams of raising a particular type of livestock or raising a specific crop, but that doesn't mean the land you have and its microclimate are suitable for it.

Twenty miles down the road, the average rainfall may be substantially less than where you live. If you plan on relocating to your new homestead, you need to carefully examine these factors before making the big move.

Let's consider for a moment the argument that you can produce more calories per acre by raising grains rather than grazing cattle.

This opinion is often voiced by people that think you shouldn't be eating a lot of meat. While they are correct that you can grow more calories that way, they fail to see that not all land is suitable for growing grains.

The land my husband and I farm is far too steep for grain production. Erosion would destroy the slopes and pollute the water supply lower down. Using any heavy machinery on the slopes would increase erosion.

We manage to use a small walk-behind tractor by BCS for mowing on slopes and weed-eaters for areas that are too steep for that.

(The flatter section of our steep slope vineyard a few years ago. Flat areas are rare on our property.)

The steepest slopes on our property are only suitable for grazing or some permaculture like blueberries, fruit trees, and grapes.

(We graze our sheep under our grape vines part of the year.)
(The sheep love to have their lambs in the woods where they can hide them.)


As in most of life, real-world costs tend to outpace the plans you put on paper.

So the more you can do to downsize your cost footprint, the more likely you can stick to your budget, or even add to it.

My husband and I started out living in a tent on our property. That lasted just a month or so, then we got a $100 camper that fits in a truck bed and fixed it up. We stayed in that for a few months and then got a larger $300 1978 Holiday Rambler. We had no running water. We had to haul our water about 300 feet. Our electricity was limited to a single electric extension cord running off a temporary pole that was a long-distance away. I had to go down to my Dad's ¼ mile down the road and work from there because I needed a reliable internet connection.

(Camper living saves a lot of money. That money can be used to build a small house.)

That's what worked for our budget and allowed us to avoid paying rent somewhere else. We put all the money saved from not renting towards building our home.

Though I advise others to consider getting a better RV or trailer to live in than what we had. If you have $5,000-$10,000, that's enough to pick up a used RV and live in that until you build your first structure. If you take care of it, you can resell it to recoup your purchase, or generate income by renting it out. It may sound outrageous, but RVs in Western NC rent for $700 or more per month(!)

When we started building our house in 2009, we had just $1,500 to get started. That doesn't sound like much, but it was enough to dig out our footers with shovels and a power auger, and then buy some supplies like concrete and a mixer.

After that, we just bought materials as we could afford them. We constructed our home one $500 batch of materials at a time.

(We were so excited to be framing our walls!)
(House after completion)

Hiring others to do your work for you will eat up your budget must faster. Though of course there are times when employing others will be necessary. Some areas may not allow you to do some work legally. Or you may lack the skills or physical ability yourself.

No matter what aspect of homesteading you're budgeting for, always allow at least 10% more because I guarantee you that there will be unexpected expenses, no matter how well you plan.

Assess Your Physical Abilities

A lot of homesteading is not easy work.

How physically fit you are when you start needs to be factored into your initial goals and aspirations.

When my husband and I started, we were in our 20s, but we carried some extra pounds due to living in a colder climate and working office jobs. Working outside and walking up mountains daily resulted in a higher level of physical fitness, but it took some time. You may feel like the work is too much sometimes, but it gets better.

On the other hand, if you're older, disabled, or have underlying health conditions, you need to take this into consideration for your long term homesteading goals. Building a house and running a farm in your 20s and 30s is far different than starting in your 40s or 50s.

There are exceptions, of course. I see 40 and 50-year-olds actually in much better shape to live a homesteading lifestyle than people 20 years younger than them.

Those who are still living a non-homesteading life but want to get started on the path to be more self-sufficient would do well to get started on getting into better shape now. There's zero downside to making that investment in your health, even if you ultimately decide not to become a homesteader.

The Importance Of Skill Development

When my husband and I started homesteading, we had to take our time learning a host of new skills.

Our first butchering experience happened suddenly due to a farm accident. The calf we were raising jumped off the hillside impaling himself on a wooden fence post. Sadly the wound was too bad for him to survive. So we stayed up until 2 am that night butchering.

We weren't set up for it, but luckily we figured out how to hang the cow from a tree and proceed with salvaging the meat. You can do a lot when faced with the sudden threat of losing a lot of your planned future meat supply.

After that experience, we got a few pigs and pastured them while living in our camper. Neither one of us had ever raised pigs, not had ever butchered one. It was quite hard the first time, but got easier every time we did it.

At the start, my husband had some carpentry skills but I had zero construction and building experience. That didn't stop us from building our house, but it sure made the process take longer. All the wiring in our house was done by my husband with me helping. Ten years later, we still haven't experienced any electrical fires!

To learn what to do, we bought books and used them for guides. The good news is that, compared to back then, now there are many more resources to help you learn. YouTube is a treasure-trove of how-to videos on nearly any home project.

The key thing to keep in mind is that you have to give yourself the time to learn, practice, and realize that you will make mistakes.

Remember that with some things, even if you mess it up two or three times, it is still less money out of your pocket than hiring someone else. And you learn a useful skill for later on down the road.

We made all kinds of mistakes but still managed to build a house we love without taking on a mortgage.

(We took our time building the house. We even learned how to make much of our own furniture, like the tables in the photo above. The rug seen there is made from the hide of a cow we raised and butchered. I tanned the hide myself.)
(Our hearth during the summer that we picked 120 lbs of blackberries. We made a little wine that year.)

Online classes are great for learning homesteading skills. If community colleges have in-person instruction in your area, I advise looking at their listings. Our local community college has affordable classes on everything from blacksmithing to soapmaking and fiber arts.

It's never too early to start gaining skills. Even if you can't start serious homesteading for a few years, you can do a lot now to make yourself much better prepared for when you do.


I always advise those with limited garden space to plant the things that will grow in their area but cost the most to purchase at the grocery store.

Consider that organic salad greens and spinach costs around $7 per lb at the local grocery store. Bell peppers are often $1-2 each, depending on their color. These are just a few examples from my region.

Greenhouses and cold frames can help out by allowing you to grow produce out of season or extend your natural growing season.

Container gardens are good for those living in apartments or that want to maximize growing space on their property. For example, you can place planters on patios, stairs or add growing boxes to windows or porch rails.

I plan to write an article on Planning Spring Garden for Peak Prosperity soon. But in the meantime, I recommend checking out this good primer Adam wrote on A How- To Guide For Installing A Home Garden.


Most aspiring homesteaders start with chickens, as they are relatively easy to care for and raise, and produce eggs dependably.

You can get started with a few backyard chickens for very little money. Chickens are an easy and kid-friendly addition to a homestead. Gathering eggs is an easy task for them. Many people treat their laying hens like pets. Geese and ducks are other options, but they require more space and care.

A good primer for those considering chickens is Peak Prosperity's guide Raising Your Own Chickens.

(Chickens can be very tame. They will come running for feed. Ours free range in the pastures and the woods.)

Quail are very quiet, so they are popular with urban homesteaders concerned about making too much noise.

We used to raise goats but they are really hard to keep in even a good fence. Sheep are much easier.

(A good sheep dog can double as a nanny for a bottle baby lamb. Our Great Pyrenees watched over this lamb. They are still good friends.)

Pigs on pasture can be raised without causing a big stink and you get high quality pork. We had our pig bred one year and raised a large litter of piglets. We sold most of the piglets when they were 8 weeks old.

(Gertie had 13 piglets!)

Small Steps Add Up To Big Results

All too often, people discourage themselves before even starting, falsely believing that you need to do everything at once and that it requires a lot of money to get started in homesteading.

Sure, you can get a lot in place if you can afford to throw a big chunk of money into your homesteading dream. But energy, passion and persistence will get you a lot farther in the long run.

Here's a list of things that are achievable right now, based on the space you have.

Apartment Dwellers

  • Container Gardens
  • Knitting and Sewing
  • Canning and Food Preservation
  • Soapmaking
  • Increasing skills through classes and workshops
  • Community garden projects

Suburban Landscapes

In addition to all the things listed for apartment dwellers, those with a small yard should consider the following projects.

  • Edible landscaping and small gardens
  • Backyard chickens (Check your local laws. Many towns allow for some hens but no roosters)
  • Quail
  • Small scale aquaculture such as tilapia

1 acre

  • Several goats or sheep or a single small breed cow such as a Dexter
  • Large garden
  • Beehives
  • Dwarf Fruit Trees

Larger Parcels

  • Sheep, goats, pigs, and cattle
  • Larger quantities of single crops. An orchard is one example.
  • A market garden for extra income. You can sell excess produce at Farmer's Markets, via Craigslist, or you may be able to contribute to a CSA (Community Supported Agriculture) that sells boxes of locally grown fruits and vegetables.

You can improve the quality of pasture over time if you take care of it. Be sure not to overgraze areas. Overgrazing can do a lot of harm to your land.

How many animals land can support varies a lot by region. For example, it may take as much as 30 acres or even more to support a single full-sized cow in arid areas. Where I live, you can support a single cow on 1-2 acres of decent pasture.

Realistic Home Energy Production Goals

We're lucky to live in a time when it's more affordable than ever to have some backup electricity.

The cost of solar panels has plummeted over the last ten years. You may be interested in other methods of renewable energy such as wind turbines, too.

You must choose the options that are best suited to your climate. Take a look at what others in your area are using. If you see many solar panels and no wind turbines, it would be in your best interest to find out why. It's probably because sunshine is much more reliable than the wind in that area.

I would go so far as to say that solar is the best choice for the vast majority of people reading this.

Wind turbines only work well in areas where there are steady and regular winds. Many turbines will not even start producing power until a minimum wind speed is reached. And areas that are prone to huge gusts are not ideal places to live.

You're not allowed to use wind turbines in some areas. Western North Carolina relies heavily on tourism. You cannot put a wind turbine on a ridge top because it is considered unsightly. On the other hand, in West Virginia, there are many wind turbines on ridge tops because many consider it better than allowing the coal companies to destroy the ridge.

Hydroelectric power is fantastic, but it requires you to have a reliable source of water. You need a spot where water falls well or has the speed to turn a wheel rapidly. In some areas, you may not even have the right to install hydroelectric power on your property. For example, in some areas of Washington State, only the electric company is allowed to use water for power.

If you're looking for property to purchase, you need to ask if you own the water and mineral rights. If you don't, then whoever does own those rights has permission for things to be done on your property that you may not agree with.

There may be laws in your area regarding irrigation, too. For example, you may have a creek or river running through your property but only be allowed to pump so many gallons per year from it to irrigate your crops. In some places, you may not be allowed to do this at all.

Solar energy can produce enough power to run a home but usually not without some sacrifices. For example, most off-grid homes do not use electric appliances such as air conditioners, heaters, or stoves. These appliances draw far too much power. Sure, you could theoretically get enough solar panels and expensive equipment to make it work, but the cost would a lot higher.

Providing your family with some backup power options is a good way to get started with solar. You can add to your system as you learn and can afford it. A small power center and a single solar panel can be purchased for a fairly low cost and allow you to run some small devices during a storm or power outage. The panel can keep the power center charged up during an extended event.

For understanding the best practices for conserving and producing home energy, I recommend reading Peak Prosperity's excellent primer on Home Energy.

Homesteading & Children

Kids can start helping out with some tasks when they are fairly young, but overall, they will demand a lot of your attention and time.

Balancing parenting and homesteading activities is achievable, though. It would be best if you found a way to split up duties and involve your kids. People often use baby carriers and wagons so that they can take their younger children with them while working on the property. A baby carrier allows you to carry them and have your hands free to do other tasks.

Some tasks will be harder to do while trying to watch children. Livestock handling can be dangerous. There are times when you need all your attention to be on the task you are performing.

This is obviously a huge topic in and of itself. If there's enough interest, I'll be happy to write a future article for Peak Prosperity on the benefits and challenges of raising a family on a homestead.


Moving to a rural area isn't for everyone.

It can take time to establish friendships and trust in your new community. If you like to socialize, it can be hard to make the adjustment from town to rural. Going to the pub or the grocery store isn't just a quick 5-10 minutes. You will need to plan ou

This is a companion discussion topic for the original entry at

"It is easy to fall for the notion that people in generations past often produced everything they needed. The truth is that while many came close, there were still items that they needed to get via cash or trade.So start with the understanding that you’re not going to be a “lone wolf”. You’re going to need to interact with and depend on others, to some degree. "  
This is simply not true. Its been proven and there are real examples of people being 100% self sufficient for decades. The Lycov family lived completely cut off from all civilization for 40+ years. You can read about them here;   Thats just one of the more famous cases. I have researched the topic of "hermits" quite a bit because I find it fascinating. There are many examples of people, "lone wolves", who have literally survived lifetimes completely cut off from civilization. Sometimes, as in the above case, in very rugged, inhospitable climates.   So, self reliance is not a "myth". It is an absolute undeniable possibility. Would you want to live that way? Probably not, I certainly would not.   We should be careful with our words. Its kind of an interesting anomaly to hear alot of homesteaders begin describing their lives by denigrating, criticizing or outright denying the goal of self reliance. I think it comes from a fear of being labeled or criticized as "anti-social" or "misanthropic".   So there comes this need to appease the critics by turning on the very concept of self reliance. They seem to be saying "we're not crazy anti-social hermits, we're just part of society in a different way. We're just like YOU!".   Such pronouncements are not necessary and it seems counterproductive to surrender the very essence of your lifestyle in the opening paragraph. Better to say "No, Im not quite like you nor should I be". The world is a big place and there is room for small communities, large collectives, and independent/self sufficient individuals.    


I haven’t quite finished reading this yet, but I just want to say that I would like to see more posts, discussions, and general information like this on PP. Thank you!!

– Alan



The author is dead on correct when she talks about the physical challenges and the need to develop skills. I would add that these two points are somewhat intertwined.
When I first start anything its always tougher physically. Once the skills are gained and the body/mind/spirit become conditioned to the activity it gets easy. Alot of people never get to this point. When you are learning, you have to substitute raw physical energy for experience. This is the hardest stage. Any workman worth his salt knows the little tricks, and shortcuts that make the job easier.
There is a symbiosis going on too as the knowledge and experience increase, the body becomes conditioned to the movements. Starting late I always have struggled with sheep shearing. I was in my 40s when I shore my first sheep, and since its only done once or twice a year I have never been able to get the knack of it.
Every year its like a job that I dread so when I get really busy I will sometimes hire a man to come out and shear the sheep. A few years ago I hired a new guy. Just somebody recommended to me by the cooperative extension. When he showed up I was very skeptical. This old man was late in his 60’s and literally about 125 lbs. My sheep weight more than him.
Im not a big guy but I looked big next to him. Im stocky, active, and 20+ years younger and I just about brought myself to exhaustion every year with those darn sheep. So when he got started I watch him; He plugged his equipment and spent sometime setting up, tuning his sheers, laying down special clothes, boxes with disinfectants, lubricators, oils, salves and etc.
He then said “OK let the first one out” I opened the gate, dragged a wild kicking, jumping sheep out by it’s wool and pushed it at him. He caught the sheep, laid it down like a Judo expert, held it up in a sitting position with one leg through its front, and proceeded to unzip this thing in a matter of 2-3 minutes.
This went on for a couple of hours. He never seemed flustered, out of breath, or like he was struggling in any way. It was nothing for him and he carried on conversations with me while wrestling 130lb sheep. He had the knowledge and the experience. He knew where to be at all times.
I have experienced this kind of experiential/intuitive understanding with other things like cutting wood, handling equipment, etc,etc. The older I get, in a way, the easier it sometimes gets as I find better and easier ways to get it all done…like calling the shearer :wink:

Very helpful article!  Great ideas that will shape my expectations!  Will be saving and sharing this info.

First of all, thanks for taking the time to read my article and voice your opinion. I agree with you that there are examples of self-sufficiency. Perhaps using the word “myth” was not the best choice of wording. My goal was to show that striving for 100% self-sufficiency when you start homesteading often leads to burnout. It takes a lot of land to produce a high percentage of what a family needs to have a decent standard of living. That much land is out of many people’s reach. Of course, just how much land that is required to support a family is going to vary a lot based on family size and the fertility of the land itself. It also requires basically dedicating all your time to the cause, another thing that is out of the reach of most people that want to start out homesteading. Most people still need an outside job, especially in the beginning. Children don’t stay at home and work on farms either, something that really helped out our more self sufficient ancestors. Homeschooling could theoretically make that possible unless you get in trouble with child labor issues.
I have seen a lot of people get frustrated and feel that they are doing it all wrong by striving for 100% self-sufficiency. I try to encourage people to do as much as they can because it all makes a difference. So many assume that our relatives in the 1800s were producing everything on their farms and thus set the goal of doing that themselves rather than realizing that selling, buying, and trading filled in a lot of gaps. Some land could produce a greater variety than others.
Many prehistoric societies and civilizations were self-sufficient, but the standard of living was terrible, as you pointed out. I don’t know anyone that would be willing to go back to that standard. Over the years, people saw that others had different things that made life better, and thus, trade commenced. Some of the archaeological sites in my area show that trade networks used by Native Americans. Items were found in Western NC from as far away as the Great Lakes.
The case of the Lykov family is one I am familiar with. Their story is amazing, but wow, what a terrible time they had surviving as they did. I am sure that a lot of families fled like they did and did not make it anywhere near the time they did.
I do love the idea of communities and cooperatives working together to be as self-sufficient as possible. If self-sufficiency is to be achieved in modern times, I feel it must be a real group effort if a decent standard of living is the goal. Unfortunately, it is very difficult to organize and maintain such efforts. People give up on these ventures all too often.
A group where each family/person owned and produced what they could and then traded among each other could be self-sufficient. At the same time, there would likely be lifestyle changes that would have to happen. That is something that can be very difficult.
I remember getting interviewed for an NPR piece on solar energy a little over a year ago. They really wanted me to say that solar energy would allow people to run their house exactly as they would with conventional power. I could not honestly say that, and they cut my interview. People don’t want to hear that realistically they are not going to be able to use electric heaters, stoves, air conditioners, and clothes dryers. Most people that live off-grid find other solutions such as propane dryers or hanging clothes out to dry. Traditional air conditioners are traded for swamp coolers or similar. People don’t just leave lights on all the time when they are not using them.
What do you think would be the biggest challenges towards getting larger groups on people to change their lifestyle in order to be more self-sufficient? It seems like people want to be more self-sufficient but that lifestyle changes are a huge factor.
I think that is a whole article to itself.
Again, thanks for your comment. Sorry if this response was so long, but you really got me thinking about some big topics. Best wishes, Samantha

Thank you for reading! I look forward to writing more posts on homesteading topics. If you have any suggestions for future article topics, please let me know in this comment thread, or feel free to email me at

i think it might be useful to define self sufficient to avoid confusion and misrepresentation.

does it mean “all” your needs? some needs? all food? all water? all power? all clothes?

all the tools to do all of that?

the only truly self sufficient homestead i know of being possible would be stone age. but i am open to being corrected.


I have raised a family homesteading in the mountains of France and homestead/commercially farming a hilltop of upstate NY. I can second most of what the article is saying, with a couple of cautionary comments.

First, pigs eat a lot. Free ranging will not fatten a pig or maintain a sow unless you have access to a lot of upland oak and chestnut forest - as quality ham is raised traditionally in Spain. Keeping pigs on purchased feed is more costly than buying supermarket ham. The time-tested way is to integrate the pig raising into the larger system: have enough land to grow the feed - corn, pumpkins or root crops and skim milk from the family grass-fed cow. French farmers grow pumpkins mostly for pigs.

Secondly, for energy self-sufficiency I would emphasize passive solar design more than solar electric, because it can be done very cheaply. In my experience much house heat and hot water can come from the sun, and the rest from wood heat. See my paper, Three Farmhouses: A Study in Passive Solar Design

I have a solar electric system sized to run essential appliances - like water pump and freezer full of homestead-grown food - when the grid is down, but it is too costly for most people - $12k spent for my system ten years ago - unless one can tap government subsidies. See the description of my system and arguments here: Wind and solar, societal and residential

My six part series, Visioning County Food Production, in my Core Papers includes a lot of information that is relevant to homesteading as part of the larger essential picture of community resilience. My website contains all the papers I have written as a member of a relocalization project to address the energy descent era.

Good points. You are right about raising pigs. I didn’t go into a ton of detail about how we managed our pigs. We pastured them but also bought some feed at times. Of course, feed prices were much lower back then. After the first few pigs, we got a great offer for free milk. We could pick up milk pulled from gas stations and grocery stores if we just went to the distribution center. As a result, we had some really fat pigs for barely any money. It was easy to let them get too fat, really. I remember putting 45 gallons of milk in a trough. By the next day, 3 pigs had consumed it all.
Our sunroom, shown in my article, was designed with passive solar in mind. It works very well. At the moment, our house has 12V solar lights and a few outlets. Over the years, we want to reach the point where most of our power needs come from solar.
Thanks for reading!

Really helps put things into perspective. Not getting it all done at once, slow and steady progress on goals.

"What do you think would be the biggest challenges towards getting larger groups on people to change their lifestyle in order to be more self-sufficient?"
  The challenge will always be that the majority of people want the most convenient, easiest solutions to life's problems. Homesteaders are a rare breed, most people dont think like us and fewer still will have the courage to actually make the leap into such a lifestyle.   There is also a very very strong strain of conformity in most people. They want to do what everybody else is doing. If everybody else is living in the suburbs with 2 cars, a dog, and central heat, then they want to live in the suburbs with 2 cars, a dog, and central heat. In fact many [ most?] people will define failure and success by the attainment of those things. To reject those things and define failure/success by your own metric takes a rare type of person. You never touched on it in this article but I'm sure you have felt some "blow back" for your choice to live that life. I know I have.   It got to point I had to cut some people out of my life because my choice to homestead and pursue self reliance seemed to make them angry. "Society" will exert pressure on those who try to go their own way, and that will always be an obstacle.

Amen, bro!

Equally good discussion!



We’ve had our differences…ahem…but I have to say, I totally admire what you have been able to accomplish and I hope so much that many others start to do the same thing. The weird thing is, if this virus is endemic and possibly the first of many, for all we know, homesteading might be one of the few viable ways to survive and thrive–unless people have to social distance from their livestock!

That’s a very interesting article. When you mention that you got into this way of life gradually do you mean your husband was still working, full or part time?
Also, I wonder if the permitting process for homes is difficult and what the zoning laws are for your property. Are you allowed to build another home, a cabin, or are you limited to extending your own house if you want to create more living space.
Another question is, where you are homesteading in North Carolina, what would the price be for an acre of space where a small family could be partially self sufficient.
Thanks for all the information you provided in your article.

At the time, I was still working full-time as a financial planning assistant. This was in 2008. The recession happened, and I lost my job but picked up some writing work. My husband was working some construction jobs, and we sold a few things like Shiitake mushroom logs. We gradually added different types of livestock, put up fences, and produced more of our own food. Building the house took up a lot of our time and money. There were times when we simply didn’t have the money to proceed with the house, so we spent more time on other homesteading pursuits that either didn’t cost anything or cost very little. Getting the overgrown parts of the property clear was a big project.
The permitting process for building your home was really easy back when we were doing it. Our land is unzoned, so there is a lot of freedom to build what you want. We have added additional structures such as barns and a tiny office for me to use for writing. Coincidentally we are actually planning an addition right now. After years of thinking I could not have children, we found out we are going to be parents in July. Our small house just started feeling a lot smaller! Where I live, it is really easy to get a permit for an addition. we are just adding 16’ x 24’, which still means our house is well under 1,000 sq ft. Small can be really nice if the layout is good.
Land prices are very high here. The pandemic led to a lot of people fleeing the cities and buying homes and properties without even seeing them. The cost varies a lot depending on how far from town you are willing to live. Flatland costs more. I took a glance at some realty sites for you, and the cost per acre goes down a lot if you are willing to buy 8-10 acres. For example, one 8.1 acre property near Valdese is listed for $60K, but smaller acreages (under 3) closer to the Asheville area can run as much as $30K per acre or more if there are amenities. 12 years ago, $10K an acre was considered too high for undeveloped land.
Eastern TN is more affordable than western NC. My family has always lived in western NC. If I did not have family land, I would not have been able to afford to live in this area of NC. Thanks for reading!

I am so happy for you. Congratulations on the new addition! Both of them. LOL.

I live on an island between the mainland and Vancouver island, in B.C. Prices are 10 and 20 times what you have described and it is considered ‘affordable’ for coastal B.C. It is a truly desperate situation for so many people. Add to that the fact that it’s one of the most environmentally conscious areas in the world and you get a really toxic blend of nimbyism and eco-fascism. Environmentalism is great, but eco-fascism is terrible. It creates a generational war atmosphere that is tragic to observe.

I hope there are people on the forum who can benefit from your information about prices for land in North Carolina. It may not be too terribly difficult for some of them to buy land there, particularly with no zoning–being able to build two livable structures on an acreage is a huge plus. I’m old and settled and wrong nationality, but if it were different, I would love to do what you are doing.

And you tanned your own leather from your own cow…amazing.



Hi AP, I guess we are not too far from each other. It’s always nice to find a fellow PPer near by. I’m a bit North along the mainland coast just outside of Lund. I’m sure glad we bought our acreage when we did, realty has gone bonkers here since the pandemic got the city slickers heading for the hills. I’m also VERY thankful to be in an area where code is not enforced. It’s very much a live and let live situation here. Which of the gulf islands are you on?


Hi Sebastion,

Lund is a lovely place, and is it near the Discovery chain, Cortes, etc…or are you farther North than that?

Guess what the head of the various bureaucracies were doing here during the height of the pandemic? Because it wasn’t hard enough already for small business, they just got busy and started making up new rules to shut people’s businesses down. My husband had an art studio in an art supply building with several other studios. They had to close it down because the parking area didn’t have enough space for several bike racks. The bike racks had to be built under a specially constructed awning, too. They just made up the rule recently. So the fellow who started the business had no idea at the outset, this would be expected.

A lovely home business coffee shop not far from where I live may be forced to shut down as well.

The Gestapo have had the owners jumping through one hoop after another for a permit.

After complying with all of their requests, the Gestapo, obviously flustered, because they just couldn’t imagine any more tortures to put these people through, told them they would have to justify their business’s existence, due to the fact there were other coffee places on the island! Pulled that right out of their asses at the last minute. No history of any business ever having to justify their existence due to competition. It would rate a 10 in the bureaucratic Olympiad free style though. We should have a competition here.

I like rules, order, efficiency, and basically the Canadian way…but when those rules are arbitrary, silly and borderline sadistic, that’s when I see red.

There are too many old hippies on big pensions here who don’t get that people have to make a living. It’s appalling.

You are so lucky to be where you are.